Black Chinese

blackbudah

How exactly did the Africans and the Chinese mix to produce the Red Indian and were there Blacks in China as well?    Yes there were indeed Blacks in ancient China. The skeletal remains from southern China are predominately Negroid. The people practiced single burials which is an African ritual. In northern China the blacks founded many civilizations. The three major empires of China were the Xia Dynasty (c.2205-1766 B.C), Shang/ Yin Dynasty (c.1700-1050 B.C) and the Zhou Dynasty. The Zhou dynasty was the first dynasty founded by the Mongoloid people in China called Hua (Who-aa). The founders of Xia and Shang came from the Fertile African Crescent by way of Iran. Chinese civilization began along the Yellow river . Here the soil was fertile and black Chinese farmers grew millet 4000 years ago, and later soybeans. They also raised pigs and cattle. By 3500 B.C., the blacks in China were raising silkworms and making silk. The culture hero Huang Di is a direct link of Africa. His name was pronounced in old Chinese Yuhai Huandi or “Hu Nak Kunte.” He was supposed to have arrived in China from the west in 2282 B.C., and settled along the banks of the Loh River in Shanxi. This transliteration of Huandgi, to Hu Nak Kunte is interesting because Kunte is a common clan name among the Manding speakers. The Africans or blacks that founded civilization in China were often called Li Min “black headed people” by the Zhou dynasts. This term has affinity to the Sumero-Akkadian term Sag-Gig-Ga “Black Headed People”. These Li Min are associated with the Chinese cultural hero Yao.
We know very little about the sounds of ancient Chinese because Ancient Chinese was different from Old Chinese and Middle Chinese and the modern Chinese dialects.  This results from the fact that the Chinese dynasties were founded by diverse ethnic groups e.g., Xia and Shang Li (i.e., Black Shang) were founded by Dravidian and Manding speakers. Shang-Yin was founded by classical Mongoloids, and the Zhou by the contemporary Chinese. ) This explains the difference in pronunciation for Ancient Chinese spoken by the Xia and Shang peoples and Old and Middle Chinese or a variant there of, which was  spoken by the Zhou people. The Shang characters compare favorably to the ancient Proto- Saharan script used by the Harappans in the Indus Valley and the Manding script used in the ancient Sahara and Crete. Clyde Winters outlined the spread of the Proto-Saharan script to Harappa, and throughout Saharan Africa and Asia by the Dravidians and Manding. Evidence of Chinese writing first appears around 2000 B.C. as pottery marks. The shell-and-bone characters represented writing they were not pictures but wedges similar to African Cuneiform. The Shang symbols compare favorably with ancient Manding symbols as well. Although their are different contemporary pronunciations for these symbols they have the same meaning and shape. This suggest a genetic relationship between these scripts because we know that the present pronunciation of the Chinese symbols probably has little relationship to the ancient pronunciation of Chinese spoken in Xia and Shang times when these characters were first used. This cognation of scripts supports the proposed Dravidian and Manding migration and settlement of ancient China during Xia times. The identification of the first hero of China, Hu Nak Kunte as a member of the Kunte clan of the Manding speakers of Africa is supported by the close relationship between the Manding languages and Chinese. Even though we do not know the ancient pronunciation of many Chinese signs many Chinese and Manding words share analogy and suggest a Manding substratum for Chinese.
You mentioned the Black Shang, can you explain that further?
There were two Shang empires. The first Shang Dynasty was the Shang-Li (Black Shang) it was ruled by the Li-Qiang “Black Qiang” that was falsely portrayed in the Disney movie ‘Mulan.’ For the last 273 years of the Shang empire the capital was situated at Anyang. The Shang empire based at Anyang was founded by the Yin nationality. We call this empire Shang-Yin. Thus we have the Shang-Li empire and the Shang-Yin empire. The Yin were classical Mongoloid people related to the Thai and other small Mongoloid Austronesian speaking peoples situated in Southeast Asia. The use of the “black bird”, as the father of Xieh, relates to the “black bird” as a popular totem of black ethnic groups in China. This passage indicates that the founders of Shang were of mixed origin. The fact that the bird myths such as the one above are mainly centered on the east coast of China also suggest a black origin for the Shang since this area was the heartland of ancient China. Both the ancient Chinese and Africans had similar naming practices. As in Africa the Shang child had both a day name and regular name. The Shang child was named according to the days of the sun, on which he was born. There were ten days in each sun. These days are called the ten celestial signs. In the Mulberry Tree tradition one day ten suns rose from a mulberry and the Archer Yi, shot down nine of them. These suns in reality were birds. This bird myth refers to the “black birds” that founded the Shang Dynasty.  The fact that only one of the ten birds survived the arrows of the Archer Yi, may relate to the unification of the ten clans into the Shang dynasty. The references to “black birds” in the Chinese literature relate to the African origin of the Shang rulers. The use of the term “Black Bird” relates to the fact that these blacks had a bird as their totem. There is a similar account in Native American history where the black bird rescues the red bird from the white bird which retreats back into the caves. This analogy is reference to the Negroid releasing the Red Indian from the clutches of the European colonialism. We know that birds do not live in caves. The cave is in reference to the mountains of Europe “Caucas Mountains.”

ANCIENT BUDDHA HEAD WITH AFRICAN FEATURES

BUDDHA HEAD FOUND IN AFRICA

BUDDHA TEMPLE IN ASIA

 

You mentioned that the Shangs spoke Dravidian?
The Dravidian speakers originally came from Nubia. They were related to the C-Group people. The Shang culture was founded by the Kushites thus the name Yi “Great Bowmen”, thus corresponding to Steu, the name for the founders of Ta-Seti the first monarchy in history. The Yi seem to have lived in both north and south China. Fu Ssu-nien, in Yi Hsis Tunghsi Shuo, makes it clear that the Shang culture bearers remained allied to the rest of the Yi people who lived in southern China. The founders of Xia are usually referred to as Yueh, as opposed to Yi. It would appear that most of Yi were Dravidian speakers while the Yueh were Manding speakers. The first Shang king was Xuan Wang, ‘Black King’ (Xuan means black). He was also called the Xuan Di ,”Black Emperor”. The founder of the Shang Dynasty was called Xuan Niao “Black Bird”; another Shang king was called Xuan Mu “Black Oxen”.
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mexican Buhdah
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                                                                                        Kenyan oracle bone

CHINESE ORACLE BONE

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African origins of America

The Indigenous Negroid

When the enormous monoliths were unearthed from Mexico, the sculptured images that were carved to form a 24-foot ton head from a single mass of basalt rock had been discovered. No one suspected this mysterious part of a civilization that only seems to have vanished. At the cultural paradox of this civilization – La Venta, eighteen miles from the Gulf of Mexico, four colossal heads were unearthed. The monoliths had been carbon dated. The results of carbon 14 testing of the stone heads found in Mexico caused a startling uproar amongst the archeological circles. Various additional testing were performed, however the earliest date that carbon 14 testing came up with regarding the stone images was the year 291 B.C. As more diggings were performed in Middle America, larger heads were discovered (24 tons – average sum of the weight). The new discoveries were even more mysterious for the colossal heads continued to turn up even earlier dates. Four heads in all were excavated at the city of La Venta with the largest head standing nine feet tall. Ancient Middle America civilization or ‘Meso-America’ antiquity is divided into three epochs: Archaic (before Christ), Classic (during the first thousands years A.D), and Post Classic (from one thousand A.D to the Spanish Conquest).
The monoliths of La Venta was dated and placed in the Archaic period which proved the existence of a civilization in Meso-America thousands of years before organized monotheistic religions. Perhaps more staggering than the result of the carbon dating of these stone figures is the apparent construction and proportions of the monoliths. According to archeological circles, the statues were constructed from one massive chunk of basalt block mined from stone quarries eighty miles away and transported to the center of La Venta with a sum weight of 20 to 40 tons each. It seems that the stones were rolled across vast tracts of land or transported down river on wooden rafts, however, presenting somewhat of an ill-logical and even incomprehensible method of material transportation. These monoliths proved to be only elementary in cultural archeology. At present, between 25 and 40 archaic period Meso-American sites have been discovered. The majority of these finds have occurred in the state of Veracruz which totals 246 recorded pieces with over 180 sculptures, alters, and stone heads. In regards to the monolith stone heads, they are representations of supernatural or super humanoid beings as the earliest civilization of ancient America. The revelation of this hidden civilization reconstructed the indigenous history that has now been extended to reveal a hidden past. It is apparent that the archaic period preceded even some of the great civilizations of the east (900-400 B.C).

THE OLMEC HEADS OF MESO-AMERICA. IS THERE ANY MISTAKEN THAT THESE COLOSSAL HEADS ARE AFRICAN IN ORIGIN?

The people of this period were not Pithcanthropi or Australopithecus (Anthropoid primates). These Archaic indigenous inhabitants belonged to the class of Homo Sapiens, thus leading to the belief that ancient America (despite the narrow minded kaleidoscope view of Europeans) was a highly advanced civilization. We see this in the advanced artistry and sculpturing, which was quite different than the art and sculpting of tribal cultures. Meso-America archeology provides enough data to suggest that these inhabitants were a high status group with the presence of elite leaders, a military force, a political hierarchy, and quite obviously or at least sensibly, a penal system as opposed to a primitive tribal culture’s vigilante’ methods of punishment. Historians speculate on the actual racial identity of these inhabitants. Many hypotheses suggest that the archaic inhabitants were of Mayan linguistic stock. The contradiction to this hypothesis would be that the inhabitants spoke an ancestral form of Mixe-Zoquean. Other historians speculate that the people who populated Meso-America were Mongoloid people who crossed over between Siberia and Alaska and were called, Paleosiberian, or “Ice Hunters.” Upon research in the etymology of the term ‘Paleosiberian,’ we find ‘paleo’ from the Greek word ‘palai’ to mean, “ancient” or “primitive.” Siberian has a dual meaning: ‘Sib’ from the Greek ‘Sippa’ to mean “kinship, family-related by blood.” ‘Erian’ or ‘Aryan’ from the Sanskrit word ‘arya’ to mean “noble”, in reference to the Persian language. ‘Arya’ also denotes a sub-tribe of people who migrated from Turkey into Palestine and were given the name “Caucasian” from the regions of the Caucus Mountains in Europe.
However, the stone images were not the depiction of Siberians or Mongoloids. The archeologists are not in agreement with the identity of these inhabitants, or more correctly have denied indisputable truth of their origin. However, since the mysterious unearthing of this ancient civilization, one name has surfaced from later transcriptions, the name was, Olmec. Who were these people called Olmecs? Can we speculate that these people of the colossal heads were Asians who crossed the Bearing Strait or Siberian icemen who migrated from Europe? Jose Maria Y Serrano upon excavating one of the monolith heads in this region of San Andres Tuxtla, published a short passage in the bulletin of the Mexican Geographical Statistical Society:
“As a work of art, it, without exaggeration, a magnificent sculpture… but what most amazed me was that the type that it represent is Ethiopian (African). I concluded that there had doubtless been blacks (Negroid) in this region, and from the very earliest ages of the world.”
In 1939, Dr. Matthew Sterling led a joint team from the National Geographic Society into the Gulf of Mexico to spearhead a major digging operation in Vera Cruz to unearth the monolith heads. Sterling concluded: “The features are bold and amazingly Negroid in character.” The archeological and cultural data overwhelmingly confirms the depiction of Negroid faces. Further archeological evidence of the Negroid in ancient America is found in the Monte’ Alban culture which seems to have begun at the end of the Olmec culture. In Monte’ Alban, 140 Negroid type figures have been discovered. Upon archeological research, there is no logical denying of the ‘negroidness’ found in the art of ancient America. Although there has been denial amongst historians, archeologist have indeed confirmed at least four major facts:
  1. The Olmecs date back to the archaic period 2. The Olmec civilization parallels the dynastic periods of Egypt 3. The Olmecs were not Paleosiberians or evolving Neanderthal 4. Evidence points to the Olmecs being of African ancestry
Skeletons have also been unearthed in pre-Columbian layers in the valley of the Pecos River that flows through Texas and New Mexico and empties into the Rio Grande in the Gulf of Mexico. Professor Hooton, a physical anthropologist concluded:
“The Pecos skull resemble most closely the crania of Negro groups coming from Africa where Negroes commonly have some perceptible infusion of Hamatic blood.” 
Professor Hooton refers to ‘Hamatic’ blood. Hamatic blood is the blood of the Negroid, since Ham (Shemites) were of the dark seed which were forbidden to interbreed with the Canaanites. The word “Ham” translates as “black” in biblical Aramaic. Finds like these in addition to the Negroid style heads forces us to consider the parallels between ancient America and Africa. However, historians dismissed these similarities as mere coincidence. Archeologist on the other hand, concluded that the Olmecs who sculptured these monoliths have been shown to be absolute masters of realistic portraiture and did not arrive at the distinctive Negroid features by accident. It is also noted that there could not possibly be a coincidence of stylization of a distinct people with facial features and characteristics, which separates them from the features and characteristics of all other races on the planet.

3. ANCIENT CHINESE – DOES THIS LOOK LIKE THE OLMEC HEAD?

2. CANAANITE – DOES THIS LOOK LIKE THE OLMEC HEAD?

1. HAMATIC AFRICAN – OR DOES THIS LOOK LIKE THE OLMEC HEAD? 

There can be no room for geographical coincidence that the very period when the Negroid appeared in Mexico that the first pyramid, mummies, and hieroglyphics begin to appear in Meso America as well. Is it a coincidence that the Teotihucacan head of pre-Columbian Mexico greatly resembles early Mandigo clay heads and Nigerian images? Many of the historians today thus have conformed to the speculation of the Olmec monolith heads; they cannot explain the representation of the Negroid. Despite the coloration, fullness of the lips, prognathism, tattoo markings, tribal scarification, kinky hair, broad nose, and Egyptian style military accessories, historians now speculate that the sculptures were not constructed by Negroid people, but perhaps by Asians. If this had indeed been the case, why would a people erect such huge monuments of Negroid representation? Why would Asians build colossal monuments to portray the Negro of Africa when they had their own gods and legendary heroes? So realistic are these representations of the Negroid that it is extremely difficult to suggest that these figures were constructed by anyone other than Negroids themselves. Were these Asians attempting to construct an Egyptian metropolis by erecting Negroid stone heads, pyramids, clay pottery which are identical to Egyptian and even Nigerian art?
How could the Asians arrive at the startling similarities between the Olmec civilization and the Egyptian civilization? Even more absurd than these claims is how the Asians built these monolith heads. The construction of these figures is a result of 30-40 tons of basalt block, which had to be transported to the city of La Venta, not in pieces, but in one massive chunk. The heads were sculptured out of one massive ball of stone and not shelves or attached layers of stone. Historians have suggested that these stones were rolled to the city of La Venta. It is interesting to note the similarities between the mystery of the construction of the Olmec heads of Mexico and the pyramids of Egypt (both Negroid civilizations.) I have read various writings on the subject of pre-Columbian Mexico with emphasis on the archeological Olmecs and have concluded that the historical professor’s hypothesis are in fact denials of an ancient Negroid civilization in America which pre-dates all other ancient civilizations and cultures in America. No one has denied that the Olmec civilization is perhaps the oldest of America that stretches back into antiquity, nor is there any legitimate denial that the Olmec monoliths represents Negroid people. However, there is denial that the true indigenous people of America were Negroid. Upon my research, I have concluded that the Olmecs did not mysteriously vanish as suggested by historians , but that the Olmecs migrated far north and mixed in with the 4th century Chinese missionaries under Buddhist monk Hsu-Shen, who traveled to what is now California and produced what Columbus mistakenly called “Indian” and the British called, “Red Man.”
Other Olmecs migrated to Southeast America and established settlements. My research also suggest that the Olmecs mixed in with Negroid traders from Morocco (Moors) thus becoming known as “Washo” and established governments and sovereign nations thousands of years prior to the arrival of the Europeans. These claims have thus been repudiated by historical circles who have gone beyond the call of duty to counteract the suggestion that the original Native American in every sense of the word were African, Negroid, Black, Egyptian, or Nuwbun people, and not red men living in huts and tipis. This is the subject matter of this section of this website. Who were the Olmecs? Where did they come from and why? Why does the Olmec culture parallel the Egyptian culture? Who were these black Gods carved in stone and found in Mexico? Did the Olmecs simply vanish or do they still exist today under various names like, ‘African American, Negro, Black, Mexican, Puerto Rican? Is there a cover up by government sanctioned archeology and historical circles to hide the present identity of the Olmecs in order to protect the land that would otherwise technically and literally be owned by these indigenous people? We owe it to ourselves to unearth the largest find to date. This find is that of the very first Americans.
Where Did the Olmecs come from?
The Olmecs came from Nuwba in Central Africa and they migrated to America in which they named in their Cushite language, ‘Utla’, which means, “vacate.” When the Olmecs discovered that there was actually a North Utla and a South Utla, the word ‘Utla’ became plural which became ‘Atlan’, which is where the word ‘Atlantis’ came from. The Olmecs were of a tribe in Africa called ‘Dogon’ in Mali. When the Dogons migrated to America they also imported the rubber tree which is only indigenous to Africa. The Dogons used the sap from the tree to make shoes, coats, capes, and they were the first to introduce the soles on shoes to the New World. The name ‘Olmec’ means “Rubber People.” The rubber was also used to make large balls for Olmeccan ball game ceremonies, which was played in large stone arenas. When Christopher Columbus arrived in the west he states that he saw the natives kicking around a large ball that was made from a type of Acacia. Columbus took some of these trees and balls back to Spain with him. Today, soccer is the favorite national sport in Spain! These Olmecs set up empires and cities that pre-dates even the Inca, Aztec, and Mayans. The Olmecs were not Siberians. The Olmecs were dark skinned, big lips and wide nosed Africans just as they are portrayed in the stone heads.

THIS IS NOT THE ORIGINAL OLMEC NOR WERE HIS ANCESTORS.

THIS “IS” THE ORIGINAL OLMEC OF  MESO-AMERICA

THE OLMECS WERE NOT ASIAN DESPITE WHAT THE ARCHEOLOGICAL COMMUNITY TRIES TO INSINUATE.

1. The step pyramid of the Egyptians closely resembles the step pyramid in America.
2. The Double Crown of Lower and Upper Egypt with the bird and the serpent is also found in Olmec culture with Upper and Lower Egypt being North America and South America.
3. The Mexicans have four calendars. The fourth calendar is identical to the Egyptian calendar.
4. In Mexico, there was found a type of paper made from wood pulp that scientist say can only be found in Egypt.
5. The ceremonial dance of the Hopi Indians is identical to the Dogon’s Bado dance of Africa, using the same symbols and spirit names.
6. Various tribes as the Osage and Apache uses the crescent moon symbol which is the national symbol of Angola, Mauritania, Tunisia, Sahara and Algeria, all in Africa
The Origin of Tribes       In the 4th century, a Chinese missionary under the Shang Dynasty named Hsu-Shen (Hoshan) came to America in search of his people who were the East Yi (Black Chinese). When the Chinese arrived, they encountered the Olmecs who had already been living on the land. The Chinese considered the black Olmecs as the descendants of the Black Chinese “Yi” people. Hoshan’s people settled and mixed in with the Olmecs and produced the “Aboriginal.” The Olmecs gave the lower kingdom to these aborigines. The aborigines called the land ‘Mu-Xian’ which is a combination of the Olmeccan-Ashuric-Aramaic word ‘Mu’  which means “one”, and the Chinese word ‘Xian’ named after Hsu-Shen. Did you know that there is a province in China today called ‘Xian’, and that this is the site of the only Chinese pyramids? 100 ancient pyramids to be exact! Mu-Xian became ‘Mixian’ and eventually ‘Mexian’ or ‘Mexico.’ The aborigines called themselves ‘Mexicans’ and they re-mixed with the Olmecs, which resulted in a sub-tribe called ‘Hopi’. The Hopi clan was taught the religion of the African Dogon and given the secrets of the stars. Several hundred years later the Hindu East Indians arrived in Mexico and they bred in with the Mexicans and produced Mongoloid tribes like the Inuit and Eskimo who migrated far north to Canada and Alaska.

PYRAMID IN CHINA

CHINESE IMPERIAL DRAGON

PYRAMID IN MEXICO

OLMECCAN (MEXICAN) IMPERIAL DRAGON

Out of the Mexican also came the Aztec, Inca, Toltec, Mixtec, and Mayans which were the five barbarian nations. The Mayans rejected their Olmeccan/African ancestry and gravitated toward their Chinese ancestry. The Mayans began practicing human sacrifice and cannibalism. The Mayans were banished by the original Olmecs and were told to leave or be destroyed. The Mayan relocated and sailed east to Asia and mixed in with the Mongols of Southeast Asia  and became known as ‘Angkor.’ Today the Angkors no longer go by their ancient name; their modern day name is ‘Cambodian.’ Yes, the Cambodians are really the Native Americans that were banished. This is why the ruins of ancient Cambodia are identical to the ruins of the Mayan Empire. Historians claim that the Mayan civilization just vanished. The word ‘Maya’ means “illusions”, because it seemed as if they disappeared over night. The Mayans didn’t just disappear; an entire ethnic group just doesn’t simply vanish over night, they simply packed up and moved to the other side of the planet.

ANCIENT RUINS OF CAMBODIA IN SOUTHEAST ASIA (ANGKOR)

ANCIENT RUINS OF THE ANCIENT MAYAN EMPIRE IN MEXICO

The Red Indian is a result of mixing between the Olmec and Chinese. This is why you have some Native Americans with dark skin with Negroid feature and some with light skin and Mongoloid features.
1. Olmecs – Indigenous Americans 2. Chinese – Immigrants 3. Mexican – Aborigines who were the combination of Olmecs and Chinese 4. East Indian – Immigrants
What about the tribes of North America, where did they come from? 
The tribes of North America were a result of Olmec and Mexicans; however, some of the Mexicans continued to mix with the remaining Chinese and produced yellow tribes like Pueblo and Manso. The yellow tribes mixed in with each other and produced tribes like Chinook, Tutuni, Calapuya, Chumash, Oynut, and others. Tribes broke off from each other and produced even more tribes that settled in California. The darker skinned tribes were the tribes that managed to contain much of the Olmec blood like Arapaho, Arikara, Blackfoot, Cheyenne, Crow, Apache, Mandan, Pawnee, Shoshoni. In the 15th century all of this changed, the Europeans arrived for the first time (Spaniards, French, British, Italians, and Portuguese). The Europeans mixed in with all of the tribes (black, red, and yellow), and they produced even more stocks. Today you will find white Native American tribes. Tribes that did not wish to mix with the Europeans were destroyed. The Incas were destroyed by the Spanish who stole their culture and are now calling themselves, “Hispanic.” Today you have darker skinned Hispanics that have kept their African features like the Tainos (Puerto Ricans) and the lighter skinned Hispanics like the Cubans (Boricuas) that look white.

WHITE HISPANIC (BORICUA)

BLACK HISPANIC (TAINO)

What about the black tribes? 
The Olmecs migrated into two directions. One group of Olmecs migrated to the Eastern islands near the Bermuda Triangle and settled in the islands of Jamaica, Haiti, Bahamas, Trinidad, and Barbados. The Olmecs set up colonies on the islands and became known as ‘Arawak.’ These were the people Christopher Columbus encountered. The Spaniards and British mixed in with the Arawaks. The Olmecs of Haiti went back to their African roots and began practicing their religion of Yoruba which was mistakenly called, “Voodoo.” The Arawaks mixed in with the Portuguese and produced a tribe of half Negroid-half Latin called, ‘Taino.” The Taino were invaded by another tribe called ‘Caribs’ who were sadistic cannibals. The Caribs migrated to an island what is now known as ‘Caribbean.’ The other group of Olmecs traveled North and settled into Southeast America and became known as ‘Washo’ which means, “Raccoon People.” These people settled into areas of Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana and Georgia. The Washo mixed with the Malian Moors of Africa who had also come over. The result of this mixing was a tribe of pure blooded black Native Americans called ‘Yamasee’ (yaa-mass-e or yama-see). The Yamasee resided in Georgia and were the mother tribe of all dark Southeastern and Eastern tribes.
Are you saying that the Yamasee is the mother tribe of all Southeastern and Eastern tribes, and that they were black? 
The Yamasee is a direct descendant of the Olmecs through the Washitaw Moors. The Washitaw is a derivative of the term, ‘Wichita’ who are known as ‘Kitikitish’ which means, “Raccoon eyes,” which referred to the black Native Americans because of their black faces, thus the term, ‘Coons’ was used to identify a black person. The Yamasee lived in Georgia on the Ocmulgee River near Macon, Georgia and where early Yamasee mounds were discovered. Today, Macon is also the home of the Harriet Tubman African-American Museum. The Yamasse is the mother tribe of the Creeks, Seminoles, Apalachees, Choctaw, Chickasaw, Catawbas, and Cherokee. In the 1700’s, the British, French, and Spaniards mixed into many of these tribes. In 1715, the Yamasee rose in rebellion against the English and allied with the Spaniards. Some of the Yamasee-Creeks migrated to what is now known as Savannah Georgia and became outlaws under the tribal name of Yamacraw. When the British began taking women and children into slavery, many black Native American men mixed in with runaway African slaves. A war broke our between the Yamasee and the British in 1715, ‘The Yamasee Uprising.’ Throughout the 1700’s, many tribes were slaughtered. Remnants of these tribes banded together to create an alliance. These newly formed tribes of Yamasee, Coosah, Chowan and Congaree were known as ‘Catawbas.’ The Catawbas spoke a dialect of the ancient Cushite language, which was bits and pieces of the original Olmec-African language. The Catawba lived in South Carolina and were the enemies of the Shawnee and Iroquois who were tribes that had mixed in with the French and became almost full blood European. Some of the Catawba joined the Alabama Creeks and mixed in with the Spaniards, and loosing much of their African traits. After the Yamasee Uprising, Native American power collapsed in Georgia and Alabama.
Many of the Yamasee escaped to Florida where they joined runaway African slaves to form what would later be called “Runaways” or ‘Seminole.’ Other tribes, which came from this union, were the Oconee and the Hitchiti. The Oconee relocated from the Oconee River and moved westward to the Chattahootchie where they mixed in with the Lower Creeks, which resided in the areas of Pensacola and Tallahassee Florida. All of these tribes were originally black tribes of the Yamasee.

YAMASEE WOMAN AND CHILD

WASHITAW WOMAN

WASHITAW MUSICIAN

WASHITAW CHIEF

You mentioned that some of the Yamasee mixed in with African slaves, could you explain a little more?
The Yamasee scattered throughout the Southeast and East, however a large number of Yamasee escaped from Alabama. The Yamasee and African runaways had a few things in common:
1. Both were of the same ethnic background; 2. Both were able to blend in with each other; and 3. Both had a hatred for the British.
Throughout slavery, thousands of African slaves escaped the plantations and sought refuge with neighboring Native American tribes. The natives had an incredible knowledge of outdoor survival and location. It is often believed that Harriet Tubman, who freed slaves via the Underground Railroad, was herself a black Native American because of her knowledge of paths and the terrain. Many African slaves and Native Americans mixed. Even the red tribes took in African slaves. Some tribes even owned African slaves, however, unlike the European, Africans were mostly considered indentured servants and treated as human beings by their Native American slave owners. Today there are red Seminoles and black Seminoles, red Creeks and black Creeks, red Cherokee and black Cherokee.
Didn’t the Seminoles oppose slavery of Africans? 
Yes. The U.S. Army persecuted the Seminoles because they opposed slavery. The Seminoles realized that the people who were being sold into slavery were a faction of them, distant cousins, relatives in a way. The black Seminoles was the only tribe at that time that opposed slavery. U.S. slave holders tried to cause tension between the red Seminoles and the black Seminoles; thus a war erupted between the Seminoles and the U.S. slave holders. Seminoles and African slaves joined together and attacked slave plantations. General Andrew Jackson prepared to wipe out the Seminole tribe. Jackson gathered Creek tribes along with U.S. soldiers to destroy the Seminole resistance. This war lasted for decades and extended all throughout Florida. By 1826, wealthy Creeks who also owned African slaves were sent to persuade the Seminole to join in the slave trade, when the Seminole once again refused, many were kidnapped and sold on the Southern slave markets. The U.S. Army was also trying to push the red Seminoles out of Florida onto reserved Indian Territory west of the Mississippi. The Army was faced with much opposition with the resistance of the Seminole who were guided by chief Osceola. The red Seminole knew that the whites would not follow after them for their fear of the swamps. The black Seminoles remained in Texas and moved out into Oklahoma, Idaho, and mixed in with Blackfeet, Comanchee, Kiowa, Apache, Mandan, Omaha, Osage, Pawnee, Arikara, and their closest relatives, the Wichita.
Is it true that the tribe ‘Blackfoot’ got their name because they were black Native Americans?
Not necessarily so. The Blackfoot Indians got their name because they would stain their moccasins with burnt ashes. The Blackfoot tribe was, at one time, Saskatchewan Native Americans who relocated to Montana in search for buffalo. The Blackfoot or Blackfeet consist of three divisions: 1. Siksika, 2. Kainah, and 3. Piegan. The entire group is known as ‘Bloods’ and are descendants of the Washitaw Yamasee Moors. If you look closely at many of the Native American tribes, you can still see the African traits.
Are there any pure black tribes left? There is a woman named Verdiacee Washitaw-Turner Goston El-Bey, and she is the legal heir by blood to the Maison Rouge land grants that were willed to her great-great-grandfather, Henry Turner. Verdiacee’s land is the district of Louisiana which is named after her great-great-great- grandfather’s friend Louis Boullingny, who sold the land to Joseph De Maison Rouge in 1795. Joseph had a daughter named Annie in which the land went to her. Annie named the land Louisiana after ‘Louis’ and ‘Annie.’ In 1848 the U.S. government took the Turners to court to take the district of Louisiana, however the government lost and the land was granted to the heirs of Henry Turner. Verdaicee has set up a Sovereign Nation of Washitaw Moors that is recognized by the U.S. Government. The Sub Commission on Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities Working Groups on Indigenous Populations recognized the Washitaw as the oldest indigenous people on earth. The U.S. government does not own the district of Louisiana, as we may believe. Also, the state of Georgia is also owned by the Yamasee, it’s documented! Many Native Americans signed treaties with the U.S. government, but never actually sold any of the land over. Technically the land still belongs to the so-called Indians, not the Federal Government.
So you’re saying that out of the 550 some Native American tribes, all descended from blacks?
I am saying that all so-called American Indians descended from the Mexican Olmecs and the various African and Asian mixtures throughout. How does that make other Native Americans feel, especially today’s Red Indian? It is important that we as Americans understand the origin of the so-called American Indian and it is more important that we accept that truth. Black Indians are no more Native than the so-called “Red Man” in culture. The culture and religion that is practiced today by Native Americans is the natural (non-theological) concepts of the Malian Moors of Africa, the Olmecs and Aztecs of Mexico, as well as the early concepts of the Mound Builders. There are various Indian tribes today that will admit to their African ancestry. The Hopis, Apache, Aztec, Zuni, Nez Perce, Miami, Blackfoot, Catawba, Seminole all possess knowledge of African ancestry. What’s more important is not the feelings concerning Indigenous people, but more so the truthful data and the validity and acceptance of that data.
Why do red Native Americans believe that they were the first? 
Many red Native Americans that I have spoken with are well aware of the information that I have just presented to you, some are not aware. Tribes like Hopi, Aztec, Apache, Pueblo, Seminole, Creek, Tuscarora, Susquehanna, have documents in their possession that tells of the stories of the black Gods who gave birth to them. In fact, the Hopi book of the stars that was given to them by the Dogons tells that when the forefathers (Africans) reclaim their throne, the black and red tribes will join together and destroy the white man. There is a similar parable in most Native American cultures that speaks of the white eagle who captured the red eagle until the black eagle freed the red eagle. The white eagle retreated in the caves from which it came. Look this story up, it’s an actual story in Native American culture. It is just as important for red Native Americans to understand true history as it is for blacks in America. Blacks have been convinced that they are all former African slaves, of course this is a lie! There had been blacks in this country for thousand of years before the first Europeans. There are millions of blacks in America who, if  they traced their family heritage, will not find any African slavery in their family.
Many blacks are children of Yamasee, Seminole, Creek, Cherokee, Blackfoot, Shoshoni, etc. However, the U.S. Government in order to protect their best interest, has kept most of us from true history. The U.S. has also convinced us to classify ourselves as a title that the European political system created in order to place us in a certain social bracket, “African American.” As an African American, we have no inalienable or indigenous rights under the Constitution, even worse, as an African American Christian, we dig an even deeper hole for ourselves. As black Christians we have admitted to two things:
1. We are former slaves by calling ourselves African and 2. We are former slaves who converted to the slave owner’s religion, thus we sever any connection to Sovereignty or self-identity. As African American Christians, we literally become dependent on the Government and relinquish all indigenous and self-governing classifications, thus we throw ourselves on the mercy of the U.S. Judicial system. Native Americans have what is called, ‘Autonomy’ or ‘Self Government’ similar to Diplomatic Immunity. As Indigenous people, we have the right to set up our own sovereign nations where we govern our own Judicial, Legislative and Penal system. As an African American, we wave the right of self government and indigenous rights by admitting that we are  immigrants (came over from somewhere else), and not  indigenous. The classification of “African-American” is not a legal term and the government knows this.

Phonetic Clues Hint Language Is Africa-Born

By NICHOLAS WADE – Published: April 14, 2011

A researcher analyzing the sounds in languages spoken around the world has detected an ancient signal that points to southern Africa as the place where modern human language originated.

The finding fits well with the evidence from fossil skulls and DNA that modern humans originated in Africa. It also implies, though does not prove, that modern language originated only once, an issue of considerable controversy among linguists.

The detection of such an ancient signal in language is surprising. Because words change so rapidly, many linguists think that languages cannot be traced very far back in time. The oldest language tree so far reconstructed, that of the Indo-European family, which includes English, goes back 9,000 years at most.

Quentin D. Atkinson, a biologist at the University of Auckland in New Zealand, has shattered this time barrier, if his claim is correct, by looking not at words but at phonemes — the consonants, vowels and tones that are the simplest elements of language.  Dr. Atkinson, an expert at applying mathematical methods to linguistics, has found a simple but striking pattern in some 500 languages spoken throughout the world: A language area uses fewer phonemes the farther that early humans had to travel from Africa to reach it.

Some of the click-using languages of Africa have more than 100 phonemes, whereas Hawaiian, toward the far end of the human migration route out of Africa, has only 13. English has about 45 phonemes.

This pattern of decreasing diversity with distance, similar to the well-established decrease in genetic diversity with distance from Africa, implies that the origin of modern human language is in the region of southwestern Africa, Dr. Atkinson says in an article published on Thursday in the journal Science.

Language is at least 50,000 years old, the date that modern humans dispersed from Africa, and some experts say it is at least 100,000 years old. Dr. Atkinson, if his work is correct, is picking up a distant echo from this far back in time.

Linguists tend to dismiss any claims to have found traces of language older than 10,000 years, “but this paper comes closest to convincing me that this type of research is possible,” said Martin Haspelmath, a linguist at the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in Leipzig, Germany.

Dr. Atkinson is one of several biologists who have started applying to historical linguistics the sophisticated statistical methods developed for constructing genetic trees based on DNA sequences.  These efforts have been regarded with suspicion by some linguists.

In 2003 Dr. Atkinson and Russell Gray, another biologist at the University of Auckland, reconstructed the tree of Indo-European languages with a DNA tree-drawing method called Bayesian phylogeny. The tree indicated that Indo-European was much older than historical linguists had estimated and hence favored the theory that the language family had diversified with the spread of agriculture some 10,000 years ago, not with a military invasion by steppe people some 6,000 years ago, the idea favored by most historical linguists.

“We’re uneasy about mathematical modeling that we don’t understand juxtaposed to philological modeling that we do understand,” Brian D. Joseph, a linguist at Ohio State University, said about the Indo-European tree. But he thinks that linguists may be more willing to accept Dr. Atkinson’s new article because it does not conflict with any established area of linguistic scholarship.

“I think we ought to take this seriously, although there are some who will dismiss it out of hand,” Dr. Joseph said.

Another linguist, Donald A. Ringe of the University of Pennsylvania, said, “It’s too early to tell if Atkinson’s idea is correct, but if so, it’s one of the most interesting articles in historical linguistics that I’ve seen in a decade.”

Dr. Atkinson’s finding fits with other evidence about the origins of language. The Bushmen of the Kalahari Desert belong to one of the earliest branches of the genetic tree based on human mitochondrial DNA. Their languages belong to a family known as Khoisan and include many click sounds, which seem to be a very ancient feature of language. And they live in southern Africa, which Dr. Atkinson’s calculations point to as the origin of language. But whether Khoisan is closest to some ancestral form of language “is not something my method can speak to,” Dr. Atkinson said.

His study was prompted by a recent finding that the number of phonemes in a language increases with the number of people who speak it. This gave him the idea that phoneme diversity would increase as a population grew, but would fall again when a small group split off and migrated away from the parent group.

Such a continual budding process, which is the way the first modern humans expanded around the world, is known to produce what biologists call a serial founder effect. Each time a smaller group moves away, there is a reduction in its genetic diversity.  The reduction in phonemic diversity over increasing distances from Africa, as seen by Dr. Atkinson, parallels the reduction in genetic diversity already recorded by biologists.

For either kind of reduction in diversity to occur, the population budding process must be rapid, or diversity will build up again. This implies that the human expansion out of Africa was very rapid at each stage. The acquisition of modern language, or the technology it made possible, may have prompted the expansion, Dr. Atkinson said.

“What’s so remarkable about this work is that it shows language doesn’t change all that fast — it retains a signal of its ancestry over tens of thousands of years,” said Mark Pagel, a biologist at the University of Reading in England who advised Dr. Atkinson.

Dr. Pagel sees language as central to human expansion across the globe.

“Language was our secret weapon, and as soon we got language we became a really dangerous species,” he said.

In the wake of modern human expansion, archaic human species like the Neanderthals were wiped out and large species of game, fossil evidence shows, fell into extinction on every continent shortly after the arrival of modern humans.

 

http://www.nytimes.com/2011/04/15/science/15language.html